It is not controlled by a government’s central bank, but rather by consensus of its users and nodes. It is not created by a limited mint in a building, but rather by distributed open source software and computing. And it requires a form of actual work for creation. More on that shortly. The first BitCoins were in a block of 50 (the “Genesis Block”) created by Satoshi Nakomoto in January 2009. It didn’t really have any value at first. It was just a cryptographer’s plaything based on a paper published two months earlier by Nakomoto. Nakotmoto is an apparently fictional name – no one seems to know who he or she or they is/are. Who keeps track of it all? Once the Genesis Block was created, BitCoins have since been generated by doing the work of keeping track of all transactions for all BitCoins as a kind of public ledger. The nodes / computers doing the calculations on the ledger are rewarded for doing so.
When the central bank in Cyprus froze bank accounts and limited the amount of cash that could be withdrawn from bank accounts it created a huge uproar that was felt around the world. If consumers did not have access to money how could they buy and sell the things needed to carry on in our modern world? The reality is they cannot so consumers around the world started to look for safer alternatives to fiat currency. Fiat currency is currency that has no tangible value aside from what the government assigns to it. Consumers are looking for a way to store their buying power to protect themselves from having bank accounts frozen for indefinite periods of time. Many people started trading in Bitcoins. This is a crypto-currency which means it cannot be easily counterfeited but before anyone starts buying into this new currency it would be prudent to understand the risks.
Your digital money is kept protected with the usage of a PIN code and microchip. Trezor is another storage tool for Bitcoins which is considered as one of the best hardware wallet solutions available in the market. It comes with the advanced security options making it highly reliable. Your digital money is protected by the distinctive PIN that safeguards your data from hackers. Besides, the Trezor device generates a recovery seed at the time of device initialization which helps in restoring all date including transactions history and private keys. The functionalities of Trezor are very similar to a Ledger Nano S but Trezor is a bit pricier than Ledger. Founded on a USB interface, KeepKey is another widely-preferred bitcoin hardware wallet. It is designed in a unique way making it more reliable. When you start configuring or using KeepKey, you will be asked to assess and approve every transaction that will be done to support the authorization facility which is delivered by this hardware wallet.
Who else do you have to rely on to be able to use your wealth – spending it, investing it or converting it into different units of measure (currencies)? In cases like cash or currencies, you may have the asset and can freely use it, but it does not have value due to a systemic issue. There may be too many units of the currency such that using them would not purchase very much (hyperinflation). There is also devaluation – where a currency is arbitrarily devalued due to some economic or institution issue. Most of these issues come from too much debt and not enough assets to pay for them. A currency devaluation is like a partial or slow motion bankruptcy for a government or issuer. In a foreclosure scenario, the creditors (or users of the currency) would be getting a fraction of what the asset (or currency) was originally worth.